What is Child Sex Trafficking and Exploitation?
The Federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act defines the crime of human trafficking as:
A. The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act where such an act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age, or
B. The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.”
Domestic minor sex trafficking occurs when U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident is under the age 18 and is commercially sexually exploited. The commercial aspect of the sexual exploitation is crucial to separating the crime of trafficking from sexual assault, molestation and/or rape. The term “commercial sex act” is defined by the federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act as the giving or receiving of anything of value (money, drugs, shelter, food, clothes, etc.) to any person in exchange for a sex act.
Both the terms of Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking (DMST
) and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC
) refer to this issue of Child Sex Trafficking. This is a subset of the Human Trafficking issue as a whole around the World. We utilize both terms of DMST and CSEC synonymously.
Definition of DMST: "The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act where the person is a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident under the age of 18 years,” (Trafficking Victims Protection Act, 2000).
Definition of CSEC: Sexual activity involving a child in exchange for something of value or promise thereof, to the child or another person. In this situation, the child is being treated as a commercial sexual object. Per Georgia Law, CSEC is a form of violence and abuse against children. (O.C.G.A. 19-7-5(B)(11)).